If you have a couple of parrots, most likely, you wondered how Do parrots mate, and how reproduction occurs, and whether you need to create special conditions for the successful emergence of healthy offspring.
How Do Parrots Mate
Given the fact that birds do not have sexual organs, they reproduce by touching the cloaca. The male is positioned on top of the female so that his cloaca touches the cloaca of the female. At this moment, the female lifts her tail and spreads her wings. The male embraces her with his wings.
The testes with ducts in males exit directly into the cloaca, while in females the oviduct and ovary open into the cloaca during mating. To fertilize, the male will need to rub against the cloaca of the female, a process that can be repeated several times.
In this video, you can watch how wavy parrots mate:
In nature, the reproduction of parrots is fast, because the pair is in danger at any time. That is why in domestic conditions the mating process can be rather quick, so the owners of birds do not always notice it. Sometimes it’s enough to fertilize once, but sometimes it happens that a couple can mate several times a day for days and sometimes even weeks. And intercourse may continue up to the appearance of the last egg in the clutch.
How Are Parrots Born
Fertilization occurs at the beginning of the oviduct – the mature egg, fertilized by the testes, together with the yellow bodies, passes through the oviduct below. There it is covered by two shells, which are similar to parchment – after a while, they will envelop the under-shell part of the eggs. The shells of the eggs at the exit of this section of the oviduct take on water, swell up, and enter the uterus. Here the eggs form a lime shell and are colored with pigments specific to the parrot species. After the proper time has passed, the egg returns to the cloaca and then comes out – that’s how parrots are born.
The courtship process: what preceded mating
The behavior of parrots during the mating period is very interesting. The male becomes especially attentive to his mate: he brushes her feathers, tries to feed her from his beak, chirps and sings fervently, dances, showing off to her in all possible ways (shaking his head, raising his crest, spreading his wings, fluffing his tail).
If the female accepts his advances, she also caresses him, squints at him, and sits down close to her suitor. The female, ready to mate, inclines her head favorably and sits lower on the perch, the male first thrusts one leg on her and then the other, then climbs on her and, pushing aside her tail and embracing her with his wings, starts characteristic movements.
In this video you can see How Do Parrots Mate :
Suitable breeding conditions For Parrots
The best time for parrots to mate is in late spring, summer, and early fall. At this time it is warm, with plenty of sunlight, an abundance of greens, fresh fruits, and vegetables.
Not all breeders manage to breed parrots at home. The breeding process of most species of these birds is not difficult, the main thing is to create favorable conditions for them and know some nuances.
- Partners must like each other. If the female bites the male, hisses at him, and pulls out his feathers, they will not make a pair that can reproduce. If she reciprocates his caresses, they have a chance to become parents soon.
- The established couple should be placed in a separate spacious cage.
Be sure to prepare a nesting house. The process of mating parrots will not stop the absence of a nest, but the eggs will be unfertilized.
- In order to breed healthy offspring and keep their parents healthy, it is important to provide them with an abundant diet rich in nutrients. Although one should not be too diligent here, as obese parrots, as well as those underweight, refuse to hatch eggs and, subsequently, when the chicks appear, do not feed them.
- Daily in the diet of pets should be sprouted grains and greens of wild herbs (plantain, dandelion, and others), lean cottage cheese, chicken eggs, specialized vitamin and mineral supplements.
- To stimulate reproduction, gradually increase the daylight hours (up to 15 hours) using special lamps.
At what age parrots begin to lay eggs
For beginners breeding parrots at home should start with simple breeds of birds that do not require special conditions – these are wavy parrots, lovebirds, and corellas.
The ability to have offspring starts at the age of 7-8 months in a cockatiel. However, parrots that breed at an early age often do not know what to do with their offspring, so it happens that their chicks die. It happens that in too young females, the oviduct is not sufficiently developed, which can cause the egg to get stuck at the exit. Then without the help of a specialist is not possible. The optimum age for breeding cockatiels – from 1,5-2 years to 5.
Wavy parrots can lay eggs at 6-7 months of age. For males, such early breeding can lead to the fact that he will never become a talker, and for females, it is fraught with death. This is due to the fact that when breeding at home, the sexual organs of these parrots develop more slowly than those of their counterparts in the wild. The minimum age for mating wolves is one year old.
The lovebirds can breed from 9 months of age, but they should not be allowed to breed at this age either. Young parents are not mentally prepared to raise their offspring. They either don’t care for them at all, or they spend all their energy on nurturing them to their detriment. As a result, the parents weaken, which increases their risk of dying or having unhealthy offspring. The optimal age for mating lovebirds is from one to four years old.
How to tell if a female parrot is pregnant
A few days after fertilization, a pregnant female becomes anxious and aggressive. She refuses to eat on her own, and during this period the male feeds her. It is not uncommon for her litter structure to change.
The female begins plucking her feathers in the cloaca area. After a few days, you will notice this area swelling up – a sign that she is ready to lay an egg in the near future.
Do you know how parrots give birth? Birds are not viviparous, they lay eggs and incubate them. After a certain period, the chicks hatch from the eggs, but not all at once, but as the eggs appear in the clutch – usually one chick every two or three days.
Another sign that a female is pregnant is a noticeable tail flutter. Such twitching indicates that the bird is about to lay an egg.
How to reproduce parrots correctly
- Close-breeding is inadmissible, so it’s better to buy a pair of parrots from different breeders.
- Early mating (up to one year) will not harm the male’s health, but the female must be at least one year old to start having offspring. Females are considered the most productive at the age of two years.
- About two to three weeks change the diet of the pets by adding sprouts, greens, mineral supplements.
- It is necessary to gradually increase the daylight hours, bringing it to 15 hours.
- The optimal indoor temperature for breeding parrots is +20-22°C.
- Prepare a nesting house. If you intend to breed wavy parrots, the bottom of the house must be covered with sawdust, because this species does not build nests.
- Some males may be aggressive in the breeding season, so they make a second exit in the nesting house or at all put away from the female.